Increasingly, the Smoot Hawley Tariffs of 1930 are being mentioned in the news and discussions of the current Federal administration's possible tariffs.
But the . . https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tariff_of_Abominations is the other comparison that might be made. It was the highest tariff in U.S. peacetime history up to that point, enacting a 62% tax on 92% of all imported goods.
It was enacted on May 19 1828 and lead to the Nullification Act of South Carolina requiring President Jackson to enforce Federal Law over State Law.
And the Philadelphia Connection ?
There are a couple of Pennsylvania connections in the resulting, but no Philadelphia connection per se.